Higher Education in Hungary

Hungarian higher education has been representing academic excellence for more than 650 years. The first university was founded in 1367 in Pécs, the Southern region of Hungary. Today, there are 65 higher education institutions in Hungary, ranging from minor universities of applied sciences to top research universities. 

We offer 26 ecclesiastic, 11 private and 28 public institutions to choose from. As a result of our institutions’ internationalisation process all students can find what fits their interests the best: 550 courses in English, German, French and other languages. The foreign language programmes are of a high standard and tuition fees are very favourable when compared to its competitors.

The range of study fields students can choose from is wide:

  • Agricultural Science
  • Computer Science and Information Technology
  • Legal Science
  • Economic Science
  • Medical and Health Science
  • Arts, Arts and Humanities, Arts Education
  • Engineering Science
  • Social Science
  • Teacher Training
  • Sport Science
  • Natural Science

The largest institutions offer courses in all study fields while smaller institutions have programmes in a few specific areas. Students can earn double degrees at many universities through joint degree programmes in which the Hungarian university works together with another European higher education institution. In case of applying for these programmes students enrol in both universities and obtain a double degree from both institutions.

Higher education studies are offered at two types of higher education institutions, egyetem (university) and főiskola (college), both of them may offer courses in all three training cycles: Bachelor course, Master course and Doctoral course.

Although the degree structure is divided in most courses, there are some integrated (one-tier) programmes where the Bachelor level and the Master level is unified: veterinary medicine, architecture, dentistry, pharmaceutics, law and medicine. These one-tier programmes consist of 10-12 semesters (5-6 years) and by the end of the last year you must have 300 to 360 credits completed.

Within a Doctoral programme, you need to complete 240 credits within 4 years of study. At the end of the fourth semester, a final examination must be taken. After a successful examination, the last 2 years of the doctoral programme are about conducting the research and writing your dissertation, which can be extended with one more year.

Credit System

The European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) in Hungary ensures the transparency of the learning, teaching and assessment processes by facilitating recognition of your learning achievements and qualifications in many countries throughout the European Higher Education Area. The ECTS ensures that the grades you have achieved can be accepted by other European institutions in other countries.

For incoming international students, a Transcript of Records must be issued that contains a table of completed courses, credits, the Hungarian grade and the ECTS grade. The number of credits you have to achieve might differ from one institution and course to another in an academic year or semester therefore you may need to approach your local international coordinator to obtain the exact information about this.

At the end of each semester, the student’s study achievement is evaluated with a grade in the Hungarian credit system (5-excellent, 4-good, 3-medium or satisfactory, 2-sufficient or pass, 1-fail).

ECTS grade compared with Hungarian grading:

  • 5 (excellent) - A, B excellent, very good
  • 4 (good) - C good
  • 3 (satisfactory) - D satisfactory
  • 2 (pass) - E sufficient
  • 1 (fail) - FX, F fail